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Termes de référence pour une consultation: Booster les investissements dans la recherche Agricole en Afrique (Argumentaire pour des investissements accrus dans la recherche agricole en Afrique.) 

 1. Contexte

La productivité et la croissance agricoles constituent l’une des clés de la réduction de la pauvreté en Afrique. La croissance Agricole a un impact significatif sur le reste de l’économie. Les dirigeants africains considèrent l’agriculture comme étant le moteur de la réduction de la pauvreté et du développement économique de manière générale. En 2003, la Commission de l’Union Africaine (CUA) a lancé le Programme Détaillé de Développement de l’Agriculture Africaine (PDDAA) qui décrit la vision collective des dirigeants africains sur les voies et moyens d’atteindre un objectif de croissance de 6% par année dans le secteur. Le Pilier IV du PDDAA a ensuite été lancé en 2006 comme stratégie d’appui aux efforts de recherche agricole, de dissémination et d’adoption de technologies de l’Afrique. Plus tard en 2014, la Déclaration de Malabo a encore souligné la nécessité de renforcer la génération, la dissémination et l’adoption de technologies. La revue biannuelle du PDDAA a adopté la part des Dépenses Totales de Recherche Agricole dans le PIBAg comme l’un des indicateurs mesurables de respect de l’engagement d’éliminer la Faim sur le continent. Selon la dernière Revue de BR en 2019, seuls 12 pays sur le continent ont atteint le taux de 1% du PIBAg affecté à la recherche. Les investissements dans la recherche Agricole pendant la période de 2014–2016 pour près de la moitié des pays d’Afrique Sub-Saharienne (ASS) ont baissé suite à la diminution des engagements de l’Etat et des donateurs. La croissance des dépenses de recherche Agricole a été plus lente que la croissance de la production agricole en ASS. Par conséquent, le ratio d’intensité de la région a diminué de 0,59 pourcent en 2000 à 0,39 en 2016.

La Recherche et le Développement Agricoles (R&D) en Afrique sont essentiellement financés par les gouvernements nationaux et les donateurs avec des variations entre les pays. Certains pays continuent d’être fortement dépendants des donateurs pendant que d’autres sont financés à travers des allocations budgétaires de l’Etat. Les financements des donateurs et les prêts sont généralement consacrés aux dépenses de fonctionnement et aux investissements, mais ils ont été très aléatoires. Au cours de ces dernières années, les donateurs aussi bien traditionnels que nouveaux ont manifesté un intérêt renouvelé pour le financement de la recherche agricole en Afrique. Le rôle clé de la R&D dans l’augmentation de la production vivrière tout en protégeant les ressources naturelles a également été souligné dans l’agenda de développement post-2015 des Nations Unies. « Sur les Ailes de l’Innovation », la Stratégie de Science, Technologie et Innovation de l’UA pour l’Afrique 2024 (STISA-2024) place la science, la technologie et l’innovation au cœur du développement socio-économique et de la croissance de l’Afrique. Plus récemment, l’Agenda de la Science pour l’Agriculture en Afrique (S3A) a été adopté lors du Sommet des Chefs d’Etat Africains de 2014, ce qui a nécessité l’élaboration d’un plan de mise en œuvre à l’échelle continentale.

Bien qu’un certain nombre de pays aient augmenté leurs appuis à la R&D agricoles, les niveaux globaux d’investissement dans la plupart des pays africains demeurent en deçà des niveaux requis pour pérenniser des programmes de R&D agricoles viables qui répondent aux priorités actuelles et futures. La mobilisation des appuis politiques et financiers internes pour la R&D agricoles a été difficile. L’une des raisons de cette situation réside dans le temps intrinsèquement long entre l’investissement dans la recherche et l’atteinte de bénéfices tangibles. Une autre raison est que les preuves de retours élevés sur l’investissement dans la R&D agricoles en Afrique sont rares. Alene (2010) estime à 10 ans l’écart entre la croissance des dépenses de R&D agricoles et la croissance de la productivité agricole. 

C’est dans ce contexte que l’Union Africaine - SAFGRAD en tant que Bureau Technique Spécialisé du Département de l’Economie Rurale et de l’Agriculture (DERA) de la Commission de l’Union Africaine (CUA) en charge de la Promotion de la Recherche et du Développement Agricoles cherche les services de deux (02) Agences Spécialisées et /ou professionnels qualifiés pour former une équipe ( consultant principal et consultant) en vue d’élaborer un document de Politique sur le thème «Booster les investissements dans la recherche agricole en Afrique.»

2. Qualifications/Expérience

  • Une institution ou agence forte et dotée d’une expérience remarquable dans le domaine de la recherche sur les politiques et l’appui au renforcement des capacités
  • Les consultants indépendants doivent avoir au moins un diplôme universitaire du niveau Master dans un domaine lié à l’Economie de l’Agriculture, les statistiques ou autres disciplines pertinentes
  • Au moins 10 ans d’expérience professionnelle pertinente en Agriculture et Développement Rural aussi bien pour l’institution que pour l’expert indépendant
  • Excellentes compétences d’analyse éprouvées
  • Excellentes compétences éprouvées de rédaction en Anglais /Français
  • Expérience pertinente dans des travaux connexes ou similaires
  • Excellentes compétences en organisation et communication, capacité à définir les priorités et à travailler avec un minimum de supervision
  • Bonne compréhension des agendas continentaux et internationaux de développement qui comprennent la Déclaration de Malabo, la Stratégie de Science, Technologie et Innovation de l’UA pour l’Afrique (STISA-2024), l’Agenda 2063 de la CUA et les Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD) des Nations Unies qui seront utilisés comme documents de référence.

  3. Etendue du travail

Le consultant doit rédiger un document de Politique sur le thème de booster les investissements dans la recherche Agricole en Afrique (Argumentaire pour des investissements accrus dans la recherche Agricole en Afrique) avec un accent particulier sur la contribution nationale qui devra atteindre au moins 1% du PIB agricole pour la recherche. 

Ce document devra traiter de la situation du schéma de recherche en Afrique dans le contexte de l’Agenda 2063, la Déclaration de Malabo, la mise en œuvre de l’Agenda de la Science de l’UA ou de l’agenda international du développement. Le consultant devra s’inspirer de toute bonne expérience/pratique au sein ou à l’extérieur de cette zone.  

Sur la base de ce qui précède, le consultant devra préparer un document couvrant les points suivants: 

Consultant Principal (A)  

  • Analyse des tendances, défis et opportunités du financement de la recherche agricole en Afrique. L’état des lieux de la recherche agricole en Afrique, l’état des investissements aussi bien publics que privés, les perspectives y compris le niveau d’investissement nécessaire pour faire avancer la recherche agricole en Afrique, le rôle et l’importance des financements publics dans la recherche agricole en Afrique.  
  • Analyse de l’adoption des produits de la recherche Agricole et de l’innovation en lien avec la productivité agricole et la réduction de la pauvreté en général en Afrique et comme retour sur les investissements. Quels sont les bénéfices récoltés en investissant un montant X de fonds publics dans la recherche agricole ?  
  • Analyse de la qualité (ratio des dépenses) des dépenses de recherche (capital humain, infrastructures de recherche, coût du programme, etc.) en Afrique et proposition d’un modèle optimal de dépenses pour conseiller les Etats Membres.  
  • Des scénarios d’hypothèses pourraient être faits en utilisant un taux de 1% du PIBAg et 2% du PIBAg dans les dépenses de recherche comme référence. 
  • Compilation d’un rapport général et soumission à l’UA -SAFGRAD  

  Consultant (B)  

  • Discussion de l’environnement politique et institutionnel de la recherche agricole en Afrique
  • Analyse des financements nationaux internes par rapport à la contribution des donateurs (critères de classification de ce qui DOIT être financé par le secteur public et ce qui POURRAIT être financé par le secteur privé et /ou par le partenariat public - privé) 
  • Interrogation du processus actuel de BR sur la recherche et en particulier la performance de l’indicateur et le lien avec l’engagement d’éliminer la Faim en Afrique.

4. Livrables: 

Un document bien écrit sur les diverses taches énumérées dans l’étendue du travail dans une séquence logique définie par les consultants. Le document final doit mettre en exergue les recommandations clés à adresser aux décideurs politiques au niveau continental. Le document sera soumis dans un logiciel approprié et adressé au Coordonnateur de l’UA -SAFGRAD

5. Produits attendus: 

1. Le travail attribué prendra huit semaines à compter de la signature du contrat de consultation.

2. Il est prévu que le consultant/institution soumette les rapports et les mises à jour suivants à l’UA-SAFGRAD à des périodes précises telles que convenues entre les deux parties au cours de la durée totale du travail:

(i) Rapport de démarrage: Ce rapport doit être soumis à l’UA -SAFGRAD une semaine après le commencement du travail (signature du contrat). Ce rapport devra contenir l’approche et la méthodologie que les consultants utiliseront dans l’exécution de leur mission et un plan de travail détaillé précisant les activités clés à mener pendant la durée de la mission. 

(ii) Rapport Provisoire: Ce rapport sera soumis 6 semaines après la soumission du Rapport de Démarrage. Il fournira une mise à jour des principaux résultats basés essentiellement sur la revue littéraire et éventuellement sur des interviews.

(iii) Rapport Final: Il sera soumis à la fin de la période de la mission et il devra avoir intégré tous les commentaires reçus sur le rapport provisoire.

  6. Rémunération 

Le Consultant Principal sera recevra un paiement de frais professionnels d’un montant forfaitaire de dix mille dollars US ( 10.000) et le consultant quatre mille dollars US (4.000) comme suit: 30% après la soumission du rapport de démarrage et son approbation par le Coordonnateur de l’UA -SAFGRAD, 40% après la soumission du rapport provisoire et son approbation par le Coordonnateur de l’UA -SAFGRAD et 30% après la soumission du Rapport Final et son approbation par le Coordonnateur de l’UA -SAFGRAD.

7. Candidature

Les candidats potentiels sont invités à soumettre leurs candidatures en envoyant une lettre de manifestation d’intérêt et leur CV au bureau de l’UA -SAFGRAD à l’adresse suivante: 261, rue de la Culture BP: 1783 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Email: Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser. avec ampliation à Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.

Pour toute clarification urgente, veuillez contacter ces numéros de téléphone: +22625306071 ou 22678855122.

La date limite de dépôt des candidatures est fixée au 8 décembre 2020 à 16h GMT.

TELECHARGER ICI LES TDR

 

 

Terms of reference Consultancy: Boosting investment in Agriculture research in Africa (Building a case for increased investment in agricultural research in Africa.)  

  1. Background  

Agricultural productivity and growth hold a key to poverty reduction in Africa. Agricultural growth has a significant impact on the rest of the economy. Africa’s leaders see agriculture as an engine for poverty reduction and overall economic development. In 2003, the African Union’s Commission (AUC) launched the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) that describes African leaders’ collective vision on how to reach a goal of 6% growth per annum for the sector. Subsequently, CAADP Pillar IV was launched in 2006 as a strategy to support Africa’s agricultural research, technology dissemination and adoption efforts. Later the Malabo Declaration in 2014 stressed again on the need to strengthen technology generation, dissemination and adoption. The CAADP biannual review adopted Total Agricultural Research Spending as share of AgGDP as one of the measurable to meet the commitment on Ending Hunger on the continent. According the last BR Review in 2019 only 12 countries on the continent have reached the 1% AgGDP to research. Agricultural research investments declined during 2014–2016 for about one half of the SSA countries as a result of declining government and donor commitments. Growth in spending on agricultural research has been slower than growth in agricultural output in SSA. As a result, the regions intensity ratio dropped from 0.59 percent in 2000 to 0.39 in 2016. 

Agricultural Research and development (R&D) in Africa is primarily funded by national governments and donors with variations across countries. Some countries continue to be highly donor dependent while others are funded through government budget allocations. Donor funding, together with loans, generally supports operating costs and capital investment, but has been highly erratic. In recent years, both traditional and new donors have shown renewed interest in funding agricultural research in Africa. The key role of R&D in increasing food production while protecting natural resources was also stressed in the UN post-2015 development agenda. On the Wings of Innovation, the AU Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa 2024 (STISA-2024) places science, technology and innovation at the epicentre of Africa’s socio-economic development and growth.   More recently, the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) was adopted at the 2014 African Heads of State Summit, necessitating the development of a continent wide implementation plan. 

Although a number of countries have increased their support to agricultural R&D, overall investment levels in most African countries remain below the levels required to sustain viable agricultural R&D programs that address current and future priorities. . Mobilizing domestic political and financial support for agricultural R&D has been difficult. One reason for this is the inherently long time lag between investing in research and attaining tangible benefits. Another reason is that evidence of high payoffs to agricultural R&D in Africa is limited. Alene (2010) finds a 10-year lag between agricultural R&D expenditure growth and agricultural productivity growth. 

It is within this context that the African Union’s SAFGRAD as Specialized Technical Office of the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA) of the African Union Commission (AUC) in charge of Promoting the Agricultural Research and Development is seeking the services of two (02) specialized   Agency and/or  qualified professional to team up (lead consultant and consultant) and elaborate a Policy document on Boosting agricultural research investment in Africa. 

2. Qualifications/Experience 

  • A strong institution or agency with outstanding experience in policy research and capacity strengthening support
  • Independent consultancy must have at least a Master level university degree in a field related to Agriculture Economy, statistics or other relevant disciplines
  • At least 10 years relevant work experience in Agriculture and Rural development for both institution and/or independent expert
  • Excellent and proven analytical skills
  • Excellent and proven English/French writing skills
  • Relevant experience in related or similar assignments
  • Excellent organizational and communication skills, ability to prioritize and work with minimum supervision
  • Good Understanding of the continental and international development agendas which include the Malabo Declaration, the AU Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa (STISA-2024), the Agenda 2063 of the AUC and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be used as reference documents.

3.Scope of the work 

The consultant will be required to prepare a Policy document on boosting agricultural research investment in Africa (Building a case for increased investment in agricultural research in Africa.) with specific focus on Country contribution to attain at least 1% AgGDP allocate to research. 

The document must address the situation of research pattern in Africa within the context of the Agenda 2063, Malabo declaration, the implementation of the AU Science Agenda or and international development agenda. The consultancy is expected to draw from any best experience/practice within/outside this area. 

Based on the above, the consultancy will prepare a paper which will include the following: 

Lead Consultant (A) 

  • Analysis of trends, challenges, and opportunities for agricultural research funding in Africa. The status of agricultural research in Africa, the status of investment both public and private, the prospects including the level of investment needed to advance agricultural research in Africa, the role and importance of public finance in agricultural research in Africa.  
  • Analysis of agricultural research and innovation uptake in relation with agricultural productivity and poverty reduction as a whole in Africa as a return on investments. What is the benefits of investing X amount of public funds in Agricultural research.  
  • Analysis of the quality (ratio of spending) of the research spending (Human capita, research infrastructure, programme cost etc.) in Africa and propose an optimal spending model to advise members States.  
  • Hypothetical scenarios could be made using 1% AgGDP and 2% AgGDP into research spending to be used as reference  
  • Compile of the overall report and submission to AU-SAFGRAD   

Consultant (B)  

  • Discussion of the policy and institutional environment for agricultural research in Africa 
  • Analysis of national domestic funding versus the donor contribution (criteria for classification of what SHOULD be financed by the public sector and what COULD be finance by the private sector and or by a public private partnership) 
  • Questioning the current BR process on the research particularly the performance of the indicator and the link with the commitment of Ending Hunger in Africa. 

4.Deliverables 

A well written document addressing all the various tasks listed in the scope of the work in a logical sequence determined by the consultants. The final document should highlight key recommendations to be addressed to Policy makers at continental level.   The document shall be submitted in appropriate software and addressed to the Coordinator of AU-SAFGRAD. 

5. Expected outputs: 

1. The assignment will take eight weeks from the signing of the consultancy contract. 

2. It is expected that the consultant/institution will submit the following reports and updates to AUSAFGRAD at the specified periods as agreed on between the two parties during the full duration of the assignment: 

(i) Inception Report: This report is to be submitted to AU-SAFGRAD one week after commencement of the assignment (signing of the contract). The report shall contain the approach and methodology that the consultants will apply in the execution of the assignment and a detailed work plan specifying key activities to be performed covering the duration of the assignment. 

(ii) Draft Report: This report will be submitted 6 weeks after the submission of the Inception Report. It will provide an update of the key findings based largely on literature review and possibly interviews. 

(iii) Final Report: This will be submitted at the end of the assignment period and it would have integrated all comments received on the draft report

6. Remuneration 

The Lead Consultant will be paid Professional fee as lump sum of Ten thousand (USD 10,000) and the consultant will be paid amount of four thousand (USD4, 000) follows: 30% after submission of the inception report and approved by the Coordinator of AU-SAFGRAD, 40% after submission the draft report and Approved by the Coordinator of AU-SAFGRAD and 30% after submission of the final Report and approved by the Coordinator of AU-SAFGRAD. 

7. Application 

Potential candidates are invited to apply by sending letter of Interest and CV at AU-SAFGRAD office through the following address: 261, rue de la Culture BP: 1783 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Email: Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser. with copy to Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.

For any urgent clarification, please contact these numbers Tel: +22625306071 or 22678855122.  

The deadline for application is: December 8, 2020 at 16 GMT.

DOWNLOAD HERE THE TORs

 

 

IN COLLABORATION WITH IWMI, FAO AND WORLD BANK, AU SAFGRAD IS ORGANIZING AN IMPORTANT WEBINAR ON PROMOTING MEMBER STATES INTERNALIZATION OF THE AFRICAN UNION IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT (IDAWM) FRAMEWORK.

The live-streamed Webinar is planned to discuss specific implementation and use related challenges for the four irrigation development and AWM pathways proposed in the IDAWM framework. Country specific success    factors that can be leverage to mitigate such challenges will be discussed for each of the pathways. 

Picture1. Famer led P.21

 

 

 

Report of the Video Conference on Boosting Agricultural Research and Innovation to achieve the Agenda 2063 Target in Africa

Video Conference on Boosting Agricultural Research and Innovation to achieve the Agenda 2063 Target in Africa : Innovative Financing Mechanism for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa “Towards Achieving the African Union’s recommendation of expenditure 1% GDP on Research and Development”

Thursday, 2nd July 2020 From 10-12H GMT

 

Vidéoconférence sur Stimuler la recherche et l'innovation agricoles pour atteindre l'objectif de l'Agenda 2063 en Afrique:

Mécanisme de financement innovant pour la recherche et le développement agricoles en Afrique «Vers la réalisation de la recommandation de l'Union africaine d’allouer 1% du PIB en recherche et développement»

Jeudi, 2 Juillet 2020 De 10H - A 12H GMT

 ENGLISH

Draft Report (English version)

Concept Note

Darft Agenda

Flyer of the Webinar

FRANCAIS

Projet de Rapport (Version en Francais)

Note conceptuelle

Agenda (Francais)

Poster

 

SAVE THE DATE. AU-SAFGRAD VIDEO CONFERENCE ON INNOVATIVE FINANCING MECHANISM FOR AGRICULTURAL RESESARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA. JULY, 2nd 2020.

 

Video Conference on:

 

Boosting Agricultural Research and Innovation to achieve the Agenda 2063 Target in Africa:

 

Innovative Financing Mechanism for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa “Towards Achieving the African Union’s recommendation of expenditure 1% GDP on Research and Development”

 

Meeting title:

 

Innovative Financing Mechanism for Agricultural Research and Development in Africa

 

Date: 

 

July 2nd 2020

 

Time: 

 

10 am – 12am, GMT

 

Number of participants expected and interpretation service:

 

200/Yes (French and English)

 

 

1. Background

 

Agricultural productivity and growth hold a key to poverty reduction in Africa. Agricultural growth has a significant impact on the rest of the economy. Africa’s leaders see agriculture as an engine for poverty reduction and overall economic development. In 2003, the African Union’s Commission (AUC) launched the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) that describes African leaders’ collective vision on how to reach a goal of 6% growth per annum for the sector. Subsequently, CAADP Pillar IV was launched in 2006 as a strategy to support Africa’s agricultural research, technology dissemination and adoption efforts. Later the Malabo Declaration in 2014 stressed again on the need to strengthen technology generation, dissemination and adoption.

 

Agricultural Research and development (R&D) in Africa is primarily funded by national governments and donors with variations across countries. Some countries continue to be highly donor dependent while others are funded through government budget allocations. Donor funding, together with loans, generally supports operating costs and capital investment, but has been highly erratic. In recent years, both traditional and new donors have shown renewed interest in funding agricultural research in Africa. Agricultural R&D has returned as a priority for donors and policy and decision makers. The Heads of State at the 2012 G20 meeting in Mexico, for example, highlighted the importance of R&D in promoting agricultural productivity and food security. The key role of R&D in increasing food production while protecting natural resources was also stressed in the UN post-2015 development agenda. More recently, the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) was adopted at the 2014 African Heads of State Summit, necessitating the development of a continent wide implementation plan. 

 

Although a number of countries have increased their support to agricultural R&D, overall investment levels in most African countries remain below the levels required to sustain viable agricultural R&D programs that address current and future priorities. Africa’s gross expenditure on research and development as a proportion of GDP stands at about 0.5 per cent compared to the world average of 2.2 per cent. Mobilizing domestic political and financial support for agricultural R&D has been difficult. One reason for this is the inherently long time lag between investing in research and attaining tangible benefits. Another reason is that evidence of high payoffs to agricultural R&D in Africa is limited. Alene (2010) finds a 10-year lag between agricultural R&D expenditure growth and agricultural productivity growth.

 

 

2. Rationale 

 

Many studies on changes in agricultural productivity among African countries have also studied the determining factors. While a number of factors are identified by the different authors, many of the findings stress the critical importance of investment in R&D systems. However, spending on agricultural research as a share of each country’s agricultural gross domestic product (AgGDP) is very low, with ratios ranging from less than 0.2 percent to 4.0 percent. The majority of countries have ratios of less than 0.5 percent. While investments in agricultural R&D were identified by several authors as key drivers of productivity growth, only few countries made significant investments in R&D. It is difficult to imagine how countries intend to promote considerable technical change when they are underinvesting in a key priority area, such as R&D systems for developing and supplying modern inputs to farmers. Donor contributions accounted for an average of 35 percent of funding to principal agricultural research agencies in 2000. Five years earlier, close to half the agricultural research funding of the 20 countries was derived from donor contributions. High dependency on donor funds put the R&D in Africa at risk on one hand and dictated the research agenda on the continent on the other hand. Meanwhile, funding from sources other than government or donors, such as internally generated revenues is relatively small representing 11 percent of total funding in 2000 with the exception of few countries like Benin and Côte d’Ivoire. There is a need to look at more alternative and sustainable ways of funding agriculture R&D on the continent. Famers themselves, private sectors and others stakeholders should be the key actors in securing funding for R&D on the continent. Countries generally attain the 1 per cent target of GDP for research and innovation when business-financed research and development surpasses publicly-funded research and development. In the view of above and to respond to the Head of States and Government Decision on allocation at least 1% GDP on research, AU-SAFGRAD is organising a webinar on the innovative financing mechanism for Agriculture and Development in Africa. The aim of this video conference will be to discuss the strategies on how we mobilise alternative financing mechanism to support research activities at country level and to learn from countries like South Africa that have succeeded to engage more business sector on board.

 

 

3. Objectives of the Video Conference 

 

The proposed webinar aims to create a room for exchange and experience sharing among NARS, SROs, CGIARs, RECs and UN agencies on a national tangible funding mechanism to support R&D on the continent. A particular focus will be given to the innovative funding that goes along with the traditional channel More specifically, the objectives of the conference include discussion on the followings: 

 

✓ Analysis of trends, challenges, and opportunities for agricultural funding in Africa ;

 

✓ Mobilization of greater government support for agricultural R&D;

 

✓ Promotion of regional cooperation;

 

✓ Inform policy how to facilitate private-sector participation 

 

✓ Establish and/or strengthen national agencies responsible for mobilizing the funding for agricultural research and development 

 

✓ Encourage technology commercialization

 

✓ Innovation and technology hubs and poles (Centres of Excellence) as tools for raising research and development expenditure 

 

 

 4. Expected outcomes 

 

✓ Clear public agricultural funding mechanisms for public and private research and development projects is discussed and documented;

 

✓ Current Policy on engagement of private sector informed;

 

✓ Technology commercialization through clear national policies discussed and encouraged;

 

✓ Emergence and growth of techno poles as drivers of research and development expenditure supported;

 

✓ Business-financed research mechanism explored;

 

✓ Regional cooperation on agricultural research promoted;

 

✓ Sharing experience and best practices among;
 
 
5. Structure the of the dialogue 
 

The course of the conference will be structured a follow: Key speakers to share their views and experiences on thematic areas identified above followed by discussions/exchanges with participants. It would be interactive in nature and would permit robust engagement for the participants to share experiences. The key speakers include heads of NARS, SROs, CGIARs, RECs and UN agencies etc. 

 

6. Participants 

The conference will gather representatives from the national agricultural research centers (NARS), international research institutions including CGIAR Centers and other relevant expertise. It will also benefit from the insights and experience of representatives of the African Union Commission (AUC); Regional Economic Communities (RECs), UN agencies as well as donors communities.

 

 

VIRTUAL CONFERENCE ON “COVID-19 IMPLICATIONS ON PASTORALISM IN AFRICA” SUCCESSFULLY ORGANIZED BY AU SAFGRAD ON MAY 20, 2020


On May 20, 2020, AU-SAFGRAD organized a Video Conference that aimed at tabling reflections on the implications of Covid-19 on pastoralism development in Africa. The video conference brought together more than hundred participants including RECs, international organizations, pastoralism practitioners/associations and livestock experts.

The meeting was structured around the following specific thematic areas such as “the crisis of pastoral development”, “a crisis in the crisis: the COVID-19 pandemic in pastoral areas/ communities”, “policy responses in support of pastoral development: lessons from the covid-19 pandemic”. 

Each thematic area was developed by key speakers and was followed by a general discussion involving all participants.

In his welcome addressDr. Elmekass, AU SAFGRAD Coordinator, highlighted the main challenges facing the pastoralists in Africa as well as the relation between herders and farmers communities and its impact on salience of gun in Africa.

Mr. Ernest Aubee, ECOWAS commissiondiscussed the impact of COVID 19 on pastoralism highlighting the disruption in the livestock value chain, the restriction of movements of animal herds across national borders, restriction of livestock tradeHe also discussed the disruption of lives and livelihood of pastoral communities. Mr. Abakar Mohamed from ECCAS recognized the critical challenges facing pastoral communities in the Central Africa region. Mr. Japheth Kasimbuof ICPALD/IGAD focused on the implications of the pandemic on the seasonal cross-border mobility of pastoralists in IGAD Region. The main challenges and also opportunities were highlighted. The main covid19 negative effects on pastoralism in IGAD region include: increased conflicts over natural resource, disrupted input supply chains and service provision through, restricted movements and border crossing, market closure and declining slaughter in major urban areas. Nevertheless, some positive impact of covid19 could be seen as livestock demand to Middle East countries increased approximately 4 times compared to 2019.

Boureima Dodo, RBM Network, brought the perspective of pastoral organizations on the effects of the pandemic on pastoral communities. He mentioned that pastoral communities were already deeply affected by the context of terrorism in the Sahel region. The sudden surge of the pandemic made things worse for pastoral activities. The policy responses by governments focused on lockdown measures and affected mainly the internal and transboundary mobility of pastoralists, while conflicts between local communities over access to natural resources continued being an issue of major concern. 

Mr. Velasco Gil Gregorio, Coordinator of the Pastoralist Knowledge Hub at FAO considered that it is too early to have clear evidence on impact of this crisis in pastoral areas as the data collection is still in process by different initiatives.  From the information collected and seen in different documents and communication made by stakeholders, the impacts are very context specific depending on the measures taken by different governments and administrations.

Dr Ibrahima Aliou of APESS discussed possible responses to the pandemic from the perspective of pastoral organizations. From his point of view, if the COVID-19 crisis goes beyond end of May with borders being closed, the crisis will have a major impact on the lives of pastoralists and their families. The effects will intensify even more and will impact the lives of pastoralists for a long time.

The general discussion went around different points of interest including the persistence of conflicts in the pastoral areas despite the pandemic, the issue of the livestock market closing, the call for RECs to advocate for a reopening of the borders, the opportunity for African countries to exchange among them over the Covid-19 pandemic context…

After a couple of hours of intense exchanges, the participants to the virtual conference agreed that actions and recommendations should be taken in term of policies and responses contextualized to fit into national frameworks, while assuring compatibility with public health measures to suppress COVID-19 transmission. Implementing these actions will require international coordination and resources

 

The recommended measures include, among otherpastoralists and agro-pastoralists beingclassified as vulnerable and be targeted with public funded social safety nets including cash transfers, cash for public works and later livestock insurance, the need to put in place an infrastructure for monitoring, researching and preventing reverse zoonosis of COVID-19 pandemic, the need to ensure that the Governments set up at their level an Emergency Fund for the revival of livestock farming in order to provide material support to breeders to rebuild their herd and resume breeding. Another important recommendation concerns the current projects and programs that need to be reoriented and adapted to the context of COVID 19 and new projects / programs designed to support and strengthen the adaptation of breeders and actors in the agro-pastoral sector to the harmful effects of COVID-19.

 

In a view of above three specific sets of immediate measures are currently need to mitigate the impact of COVID19 on pastoralism. These includes measures to protect pastoralism and its market, measures to maintain processing and retail operations and financial measures.

This experience of a large virtual conference organized by the AU SAFGRAD, from Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso, took place in general without major technical hiccups to the great satisfaction of the various attending actors who particularly appreciated the relevance of the theme as well as the quality and the high level of discussion.

 

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